In recent years, the concept of regenerative farming has gained significant traction. This approach to agriculture focuses on restoring soil health, biodiversity, and ecosystem balance, harnessing diverse natural systems to produce nutritious food. Significantly, it involves a paradigm shift from a directive relationship with our ground to a collaborative one. It’s a model where we seek to create conditions whereby the natural systems that have developed over millennia support our objectives in a symbiotic relationship.

Beef Shorthorn cattle grazing a water meadow

The rub here, of course, is that a symbiotic relationship requires give as well as take. This is one area where our track record as humans may not necessarily be as shiny as we might like!

However, as this movement evolves , it becomes evident that the regenerative farming community and academia may have a greater opportunity to work together in a coherent information ecosystem with mutually supportive roles.

Beyond Peer-Reviewed Research: Embracing Diverse Knowledge Sources

One critical insight observation from the farming end is that peer-reviewed research is not the only valid form of information. While peer-reviewed studies are noted for their rigor and credibility, they are not the sole bearers of truth. The scientific method itself begins with observation, questioning, and the development of working hypotheses—not the identification of funding (though I acknowledge that academia, like farmers, cannot live purely on the fruits of knowledge and have a particularly challenging funding landscape at present!) .

We need to remain live to the fact that knowledge and information generated in the field, through the direct experiences of generations of farmers, holds significant value particularly in the context of “the field”. In some situations this may be more contextually effective or relevant than peer reviewed research conducted in a different context.

The Role of Data in Regenerative Farming

For farmers, data is often a means to an end. On the ground actionable, timely, and relevant information that can be applied at an operational level to support particular decision cycles, is needed. Unlike academic researchers, who often operate on extended timeframes and with substantial budgets, farmers must often be able to adapt quickly to dynamic conditions. This on-the-ground testing and adjustment is a form of research in itself, one that operates within the constraints of the farming context but can yield practical insights that are immediately applicable.

Of course, farmers do rely on a great deal of peer reviewed scientific research, both directly and indirectly but this forms part of and is validated by a wider operational intelligence model.

As an example, whilst DNA sequencing provides incredible insights into many different aspects of our world, given its cost, timeframe and practical availability, it is often less effective as a tactical information source than a spade, a refractometer or an on farm microscope which enable the observation of tactical conditions or events on the ground. In an academic context , however, this may not be the case and I know a number of of soil scientists whose focus doesn’t appear to require them to look directly at the soil at all.

The challenge is to capture these data sets, including the supporting contextual metadata required to generate information which can be applied effectively in context. There are a plethora of tools and methods to assist here, though these, as ever, can only be as effective as the way and context in which they are used.

The Importance of Context in Research

There often seems to be a tendency among some academics to dismiss knowledge that isn’t based on peer-reviewed research as inferior, regardless of how well it fits a particular context. This, of course is mirrored by a scepticism amongst many farmers, particularly those who still practice observation in more traditional contexts, on seeing advice, policy or compliance based on generic “best practice” which is clearly inappropriate in context!

Experience on the ground, suggests peer-reviewed research may not be reliable unless its assumptions, insights, and limitations are relevant to the specific context in which they are applied. This may have been less of a problem over the past decades where many natural processes and systems have been effectively suppressed by conventional gaming models, but in complex, diverse, and dynamic environments like those encountered in a regenerative farming model, an understanding of current context is critical when evaluating the effectiveness of information sources.

Farmers, through their daily work, are continuously observing, questioning, developing and refining working hypotheses, the leading edge of the scientific method. Much of their work may be underpinned or informed by academic studies, yet these studies need to be qualified by context-specific insights to be considered reliable or effective on the ground.

In practice, we need to balance focused insights with holistic perspectives if we seek to gain a comprehensive understanding of these ecosystems.

A Symbiotic Relationship: Farmers and Academics

The relationship between farmers and academics can and must be symbiotic. Practical observations and working hypotheses developed in the field can provide a useful basis for ongoing academic research. Conversely, academic insights can inform and refine farming practices. By acknowledging the mutual value each party brings to the party, we can foster an increasingly cohesive and effective information ecosystem.

This collaboration requires effort from both sides. Academics and policymakers must acknowledge the validity and importance of field-based knowledge, while farmers should recognize the value of rigorous scientific research. When these two sources of knowledge are used appropriately, the resulting synergy can drive innovation and sustainable practices in agriculture.


The regenerative farming community and academia have much to achieve by working together. By building a coherent information ecosystem that respects and incorporates diverse knowledge sources we can enhance our understanding and management of complex agricultural ecosystems. This holistic approach ensures that the insights and methods employed are not only scientifically sound but also contextually relevant and practically actionable. Ultimately, this collaboration will lead to more sustainable and resilient farming practices, benefiting both the environment and society as a whole.

it all seems to come down to “using the correct tool correctly” and having the confidence to test and adjust where necessary.

After all, as discussed before, a fool with a tool…is still a fool!😀